Санкт-Петербург 2-4 июля 2010 года

III Conference of National Society for Haemapheresis 

and Blood Purification

THERAPEUTIC APHERESIS AND BLOOD PURIFICATION: ACHIEVEMENTS AND EXPECTATIONS


April 27th-28th 2017, Saint-Petersburg, Russia



Transport

Public Transportation in St. Petersburg


Saint-Petersburg Transport System

TRANSPORT
Being a popular tourist Mecca as well as one of the most important business centers of Russia, St.Petersburg is a bustling metropolis with a thoroughly developed transport system allowing both citizens and visitors to get a place destination using minimal time and effort.
Getting to St.Petersburg
By air
St. Petersburg's main airport is Pulkovo, whose brand new, all-singing, all-dancing terminal opened in February 2014, replacing the outdated terminals 1 and 2. The airport located about 14 miles (23 km) south of the city centre. To get to the Pulkovo airport on your own, one should either take bus #39 from Moskovskaya Metro station, a marshrutka or take a taxi, which won't be cheap particularly in the evening or at night.  TA taxi to/from an airport costs about $25-$40, depending on the time of the day. 

By Train
You may also come to St.Petersburg by train, which is relatively cheap. There are 4 central train stations in St. Petersburg, all of them located in the center, near the metro stations, and are easy to access. To get from / to Scandinavian countries it's better to use a daily train that used to arrive to Finlandsky station (International express trains  to/from Finland arrive here) and nowadays come to Ladozhsky railway station (directions: Helsinki (Finland), Petrozavodsk, Vologda, Arkhangelsk, Vorkuta, Urals, Kazakhstan). To travel to/from Moscow by train, you will need to get to Moscovsky railway station (directions: Novgorod, north of Russia (Arkhangelsk, Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Murmansk), Urals (Ekaterinburg), South Russia (Krasnodar), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan), Caucasus (Azerbaidzhan, Armenia, Georgia), Crimea), which is in the middle of St. Petersburg main street - Nevsky Prospect. Trains to / from Baltic States and Eastern Europe (Ukraine, Belorussia, Moldavia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland) and Novgorod and Smolensk, depart from Vitebsky railway station. All the train stations in St. Petersburg, have all the necessary facilities: luggage storage (24h), bank, ATM, post office, rent-a-car, business center (with internet access). It usually takes about 10-20 minutes to buy a ticket for a long-distance train, and 5 minutes to buy a ticket for a suburban train. You need to show your passport to buy a long-distance train ticket.

By boat  
Travelling by boat can be one of the most exciting and easy ways to come to St.Petersburg – since a tourist does not need a visa while buying a cruise to the city as he/she would spend every night on board the cruise ship. Passenger sea vessels dock at the Maritime Passenger Terminal, located on the west side of Vasilievsky Island, in the very end of Bolshoi Prospect. In summer river cruisers between Moscow and Petersburg run along the Volga and across Ladoga Lake; and these ships dock at Petersburg’s River Terminal.  
By bus
To get from / to Baltic and Scandinavia states it's convenient to use comfortable buses, offering a cheaper alternative to the train. There quite a number of coaches departing daily from the central St. Petersburg Bus Station, located on Naberegnaya Obvodnogo Kanala, 36, and Eurolines terminal situated to the right from Baltiyskaya metro station. 
Getting round St.Petersburg
Walking
Although public transport in the city is abundant, efficient and cheap, Petersburg provides the impression of being created for long walks, particularly in the areas around Palace embankment that are awash with numerous majestic buildings and marvelous palaces, so using public transport from place to place in the so-called “Gold-triangle” is pointless. While strolling along the embankments, admiring the official residences, or ambling around the Neva during White Nights, or promenading up and down Nevsky prospect, still pay attention to the traffic and reckless drivers that are considered to have little respect for pedestrians. If there is an underpass, one should use it, if there isn’t – a pedestrian crossing (marked by a special blue sign) is the safest way to get to another side of the street, even if there are no cars moving nearby because drivers are not obliged to stop and let you cross the street before moving further. 
Trams
Running on a less main-line route across town, trams are not as crowded as any other means of transport, so you are likely to find a seat there and enjoy the intriguing views of the rarely visited by tourists sites. Tram stops are marked by red and white signs above the rails with a letter "T" on them. Since January 1998 all trams have conductors, wearing special uniform (and/or red arm bands), on board, so as soon as you get in, you should pay in cash to a conductor, unless you have a monthly pass. 
Buses
The bus network of St. Petersburg is extensive and currently consists of several types of buses: Regular (non-commercial) buses, mini-buses (Marshrutka) and Express buses.  Non-commercial buses are frequent enough, but as a rule overcrowded particularly in the rush hours, and you are not likely to have a seat in a bus as well as on any other form of public transport during the day. Starting at 5 am, the buses operate until midnight as a rule, running about every 10-15 minutes. As each form of overland transport buses have their own stops marked by a white sign “A” with the timetable, which is not strictly observed due to traffic jams  and poor-road condition especially on the outskirts. After getting on, the passenger is to pay the conductor (not the driver like in mini-buses) and get a ticket which should be kept until getting off, otherwise one may be fined, or  show him/her your monthly pass.
Minibuses (Marshrutka) and Express-buses
If there is no way you can avoid using public transport and you need to get to some distant place in the shortest possible time, you may get in a mini-bus (so-called “Marshrutka”) or an Express-bus that will quickly take you from one part of the city to another. These manoeuvering vehicles, as a rule marked with a “T” before the route number or with “Э” for express, are frequent and conveniently routed (note, that some mini-buses and Express buses have the same numbers as the buses or trolleys and go the same route); besides they can be hailed and requested to stop anywhere. Nevertheless, these buses have proper stations as well as any other means of public transport. To go by commercial bus is more expensive that by the regular one – fares might be 15-30 rubles without taking into account the number of stops and are paid to the driver directly when getting on or off the bus. Express-buses are normally coaches, which are supposed to be faster and more comfortable, and they accept cash only as well as Marshrutka - no passes are valid here. Please, note that front eight seats are meant for elderly people, children and disabled passengers.
Trolleybuses
Offering convenient routes and stops around the city, but nearly always overcrowded, trolleybuses are the most environmentally-friendly public transport in St.Petersburg since they are essentially electric buses that get power from electric wires. Trolleybus stops are marked by blue and white signs with a letter "T and the trolleybus numbers, suspended from wires. Working as a rule from 6:00 until 24:00, trolleybuses don't go strictly on the schedule, and the average waiting time can be from 5-10 minutes to 40 minutes in the evenings due to the traffic jams on the main avenues. On getting in, one should either show a monthly pass to a conductor or pay in cash for a ticket.
Taxi
As well as in any other cosmopolitan, there are taxis in Petersburg, although not in the same quantity as in New York or London, since citizens consider this means of transport to be quite expensive and prefer to thumb a lift (which is not recommended to foreigners, and particularly risky at nights). Before getting in, name your destination – taxis are not obliged to take you, and discuss the price before starting a trip. Although, Ruble is the official currency, most of the drivers will accept dollars or euro – this should be agreed beforehand as well. In some areas official taxis are not readily available, so one should book a car by phone.
Metro
Opened on November 15, 1955, the most efficient means of getting around the city centre, the metro network comprises four lines with an average of 1.9 km (1.19 miles) between its 59 stations. Being quite safe and operating until after midnight, with metro lines stretching from the outskirts through the center and trains running every few minutes, metro is considered to be the most convenient way to get to the place of destination. To enter the metro, one should have either a token and to place it in the entry gate or a plastic magnetic cards which should be inserted into a certain slot of a gate with the magnetic strip facing up. When the card or a token is ejected, walk through. Both tokens and cards (valid for ten or more trips) are purchased only from metro stations, which are situated as a rule in a separate building and marked with a big letter M of a blue colour. In each metro station one can easily find a map of metro network. The metro is opened from 5.45 a.m. to 0.15 a.m. Usually the last train in the line starts its way at 0.00 and the passes between the stations are closed at 0.15 am. When there're rush hours 8.00-9.00, 17.00-19.00 the metro is overcrowded so it's better to avoid it.
Boats and Hydrofoil
The most rewarding way to explore the city and to appreciate the fascinating architectural ensemble of Petersburg, is to have a tour along the rivers and canals on a small private boat (so-called water-taxi), docked close to Kazansky bridge or on a large covered cruise boasts departing from the Anichkov bridges. Tickets for a wide selection of cruisers, for small and large groups, in open and closed boats, departing from bridges along Nevsky prospect, are to be purchased from the kiosks on the embankments. A boat would take you along the inland waterways, and if going on the night tour, you will have a chance to enjoy the views of drawn bridges, lifted at the following times (a.m.):
Volodarsky             2.00 - 3.45 and 4.15 - 5.45
Alexandra Nevskogo         1.30 - 5.05
Litejny                 1.50 - 4.40
Troitskiy             1.50 - 4.50
Dvortsovy             1.35-2.55 and 3.15 - 4.50
Leytenanta Shmidta         1.40 - 4.55
Birzhevoy             2.10 - 4.50
Tuchkov             2.10 - 3.05 and 3.35 - 4.45
Sampsoniyevskiy         2.10 - 2.45 and 3.20 - 4.25
Grenaderskiy             2.45 - 3.45 and 4.20 - 4.50
Kantemirovskiy         2.45 - 3.45 and 4.20 - 4.50
The most enjoyable way to get to Peterhof is an hour-long trip across the Gulf of Finland by hydrofoil, operating every hour from June until October. 


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